The emergency management department of the General Office of the State Council will also be merged into the new ministry. The new ministry will also oversee the China Earthquake Administration and the State Administration of Coal Mine Safety, while the State Administration of Work Safety will be dismantled.
Asked about Taiwan's response to Sino-US trade disputes, Ma said a few people in Taiwan wanted to take advantage of the disputes to do things that were "not upright", and have lifted a stone that will "smash their own feet".
The suggested Ministry of Emergency Management will take over the responsibilities of the current State Administration of Work Safety and functions from other ministries, including firefighting from the Ministry of Public Security, disaster relief from the Ministry of Civil Affairs, geological disaster prevention from the current Ministry of Land and Resources, drought and flood control from the Ministry of Water Resources, and prairie fire control from the current Ministry of Agriculture.
The reform will cover different levels of institutions in the Party, government, people's congress, political advisory body, judiciary, social organizations, public institutions and within military-civil integration, said Liu, who is also director of the General Office of the Central Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs.
Of Hainan's total population of 9.3 million, about 477,000 remained below the poverty line in 2017. The national poverty line is an annual income of 2,300 yuan ($366) per capita.
Ma also hailed the benefits of cross-Straits economic cooperation, promising that a more open mainland would create new opportunities for compatriots and businesses in Taiwan.
Cutting overcapacity in certain industries means a number of workers will likely become unemployed. According to China Labour and Social Security News, the central government's overcapacity reduction plan in 2016 affected 1.8 million steel and coal workers.